European Journal of Rheumatology
Invited Review

Basic radiological assessment of synovial diseases: a pictorial essay


Department of Radiology, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital Ankara, Turkey


Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Gazi University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Eur J Rheumatol 2017; 4: 166-174
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2015.0032
Read: 3598 Downloads: 2282 Published: 03 September 2019


The synovium is a specialized tissue lining the synovial joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths of the body. It is affected by various localized or systemic disorders. Synovial diseases can be classified as inflammatory, infectious, degenerative, traumatic, hemorrhagic, and neoplastic. Damage in other intraarticular structures, particularly cartilages, generally occurs as a part of pathologic processes involving the synovium, leading to irreversible joint destruction. Imaging has an essential role in the early detection of synovial diseases prior to irreversible joint damage. Obtaining and understanding characteristic imaging findings of synovial diseases enables a proper diagnosis for early treatment. This article focuses on the recent literature that is related with the role of imaging in synovial disease. 

EISSN 2148-4279