ISSN 2147-9720 | E-ISSN 2148-4279
Original Article
Evaluation of arterial stiffness with plasma GGT levels and pulse wave velocity measurement in patients with FMF
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Afyon Kocatepe University Faculty of Medicine, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey  
2 Department of Cardiology, Afyon Kocatepe University Faculty of Medicine, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey  
Eur J Rheumatol 2014; 1: 11-13
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2014.003
Key Words: Familial Mediterranean fever, arterial stiffness, pulse wave velocity measurement, gamma glutamyl transferase
Abstract

Objective: Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a non-invasive technique used to evaluate the arterial elasticity, which is an early indicator of atherosclerosis. Lately, gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) is considered a determiner of arterial stiffness (AS). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between GGT levels and AS with PWV in patients with Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF).

 

Material and Methods: The study was conducted with 60 patients with FMF and 40 controls. Genetic analysis of the patients were performed. AS was assessed by PWV and, after the measurement of PWV, the presence of AS was determined.

 

Results: Mean PWV values and AS frequency were significantly higher in patients with FMF compared with the control group (p<0.001 and p=0.004, respectively). Mean GGT levels of FMF patients were higher than in the control group but the difference was not statistically different. In the correlation analysis, PWV and AS were positively correlated with FMF (r=0349, p<0.001; r=0.435, p<0.001, respectively). FMF duration and FMF were associated with GGT (r=0.300, p=0.02; r=0199, p=0.047, respectively).

 

 

Conclusion: Increased PWV values in FMF patients may indicate arterial stiffness. These patients may be followed closely with PWV as an early indicator of atherosclerosis. Therefore, the cardiovascular risk can be determined in the early stages of disease and it may be possible to take necessary precautions.

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