European Journal of Rheumatology
Original Article

The Effect of Vedolizumab on Spondyloarthritis Symptoms in a Cohort of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients

1.

Department of Internal Medicine, Dokuz Eylül University, Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey

2.

Division of Rheumatology, Dokuz Eylül University, Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey

3.

Division of Gastroenterology, Dokuz Eylül University, Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey

4.

Department of Radiology, Dokuz Eylül University, Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey

Eur J Rheumatol 2023; 10: 50-56
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2023.22049
Read: 527 Downloads: 333 Published: 01 April 2023

Objective: Vedolizumab is a novel anti-inflammatory molecule that is currently being used in the treatment of refractory inflammatory bowel disease. The mode of action is inhibiting the binding of activated T lymphocytes to the adhesion molecule 1 of intestinal mucosal cells. Due to its local effect, systemic immunosuppression is not expected, and this may have a negative effect on the extra-intestinal symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease, particularly spondyloarthritis. Currently, there is limited data regarding the effect of vedolizumab on spondyloarthritis symptoms. We aimed to investigate whether vedolizumab has an effect on the occurrence of rheumatological symptoms and the clinical course of patients who have spondyloarthritis.

Methods: Thirty-nine adult inflammatory bowel disease patients who were followed up in the Gastroenterology Clinic and treated with vedolizumab were included in the study. Patients were reviewed in terms of rheumatological manifestations. The occurrence of new musculoskeletal findings during the vedolizumab treatment was recorded. Patients with a former diagnosis of spondyloarthritis were evaluated for the activity of axial and peripheral manifestations during the vedolizumab.

Results: There were 39 inflammatory bowel disease patients (29 Crohn’s disease, 10 ulcerative colitis, 48.7% (n = 19) male) who had been treated with vedolizumab. The mean age of the patients was 41.4 ± 15.7 years, and the duration of inflammatory bowel disease was 10.4 ± 7.5 years. A total of 17 (44%) patients had accompanying spondyloarthritis findings (mean age 47.08 ± 15.325 years and 58.8% M). Seven patients had axial dominant symptoms and 6 of them were in an active disease state before vedolizumab. During vedolizumab, all but 1 continued to be active. There were 14 patients with arthritis/arthralgias before vedolizumab and only 3 had improvement with therapy. On the other hand, there were 3 patients who had new-onset arthralgias/arthritis with vedolizumab. In total, 6 patients needed to stop vedolizumab because of spondyloarthritis activation (n = 2) and uncontrolled inflammatory bowel disease (n = 4), respectively.

Conclusion: Treatment with vedolizumab seems no effect on both the occurrence and the course of rheumatological manifestations in inflammatory bowel disease patients. Further studies are required to replicate our results.

Cite this article as: Huseynzada S, Yüce Inel T, Hajiyev F, et al. The effect of vedolizumab on spondyloarthritis symptoms in a cohort of inflammatory bowel disease patients. Eur J Rheumatol 2023;10(2):50-56.

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