European Journal of Rheumatology
Invited Review

Systematic Review of Non-surgical Therapies for Osteoarthritis of the Hand: An Update


Department of Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada

Eur J Rheumatol 2024; 11: Supplement S53-S67
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2023.21197
Read: 347 Downloads: 268 Published: 03 February 2023

Hand osteoarthritis is a common disease with significant morbidity. This review aimed to update our earlier systematic reviews which included all published randomized controlled trials evaluating pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies in patients with hand osteoarthritis. A total of 133 randomized controlled trials evaluating pharmacological and nonpharmacological therapies in hand osteoarthritis were reviewed. Overall, the methodological quality of randomized controlled trials has improved since the last update. Almost all new studies described their methods for randomization, blinding, and allocation concealment. However, studies continued to underreport features specific to hand osteoarthritis, such as pattern of joint involvement and number of affected joints. Standardized outcome assessments for pain and function were commonly presented, but measures of other hand osteoarthritis specific outcomes, such as health-related quality of life and patient global assessments, continued to be underreported. Future trials should consistently report on hand osteo arthritis specific features and outcome assessments in order to make clinically relevant conclusions about the efficacy of the diverse treatment options available.

Cite this article as: Mi H, Oh C, Towheed T. Systematic review of non-surgical therapies for osteoarthritis of the hand: An update. Eur J Rheumatol. 2024;11(suppl 1):S53-S67.

EISSN 2148-4279