European Journal of Rheumatology
Original Article

Psoriatic Arthritis: Differential Features at the Time of Clinical Presentation in a Large Cohort of Patients with Polyarthralgia

1.

Unit of Rheumatology, Hospital Italiano de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina

2.

Department of Radiology, Hospital Italiano de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina

Eur J Rheumatol 2023; 10: 12-17
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2022.22035
Read: 1090 Downloads: 481 Published: 01 January 2023

Objective: Most patients with psoriatic arthritis begin with cutaneous psoriasis, which is why all early detection strategies are based on screening in the dermatological consultation and referral to a rheumatologist. However, there are cases of patients who consult initially for musculoskeletal symptoms, mostly joint pain, regardless of family and/or personal history of psoriasis. This study aimed to estimate the frequency of psoriatic arthritis in a cohort of patients who consulted for polyarthralgia and to determine the differential features, at the time of clinical presentation, in relation to both patients with final diagnosis other than psoriatic arthritis and patients with diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis.

Methods: Consecutive patients with polyarthralgia (including arthralgia of the hands) were included. Clinical examination, laboratory tests, ultrasound with power Doppler of both hands, and radiography of both hands and feet were performed at baseline. All patients were followed up and the definitive diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis was established.

Results: A total of 1055 were included, 88 (8.3%) ended with diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis. Diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis was positively associated with a family history of psoriasis (odds ratio=4.14), psoriasis (odds ratio=78.94), radiographic erosions (odds ratio=5.74), and ultrasound with at least 1 joint with positive power Doppler (odds ratio=7.11). In comparison with rheumatoid arthritis patients, diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis was positively associated with psoriasis (odds ratio=433.42) and family history of psoriasis (odds ratio=41.63). On the other hand, it was negatively associated with positivity, for both rheumatoid factor (odds ratio=0.03) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (odds ratio=0.06).

Conclusion: The frequency of psoriatic arthritis was 8.3% and was associated with a personal and/or family history of psoriasis, radiographic erosions, and inflammatory involvement by Power Doppler Ultrasound (PDUS). In comparison with rheumatoid arthritis patients, psoriatic arthritis was associated with a personal and/or family history of psoriasis, while the presence of both rheumatoid factor and/ or anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies was shown to be a protective factor for the diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis.

Cite this article as: Ruta S, Jaldin Cespedes R, Cuellar L, Mareco J, Aguerre D, García Salinas R. Psoriatic arthritis: Differential features at the time of clinical presentation in a large cohort of patients with polyarthralgia. Eur J Rheumatol. 2023;10(1):12-17.

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