European Journal of Rheumatology
Original Article

Multiorgan dysfunction syndrome in sepsis: Is macrophage activation syndrome secondary to infection?

1.

Department of Pediatrics, NB Medical College, Darjeeling, India

2.

Department of Community Medicine, Medical College, Kolkata, India

3.

Department of Pediatrics, Medical College, Kolkata, India

4.

Department of Data Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland

5.

Department of Biotechnology, Delhi Technological University, Delhi, India

6.

Department of Pharmacology, IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, India

7.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Pediatric Medicine, Medical College, Kolkata, India

Eur J Rheumatol 2021; 8: 89-92
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2020.20081
Read: 69 Downloads: 43 Published: 20 November 2020

Objective: To assess macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) in septic shock leading to multiorgan dysfunction syndrome (MODS).

Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital to evaluate the MAS criteria in different stages of sepsis. Children aged 6 months to 12 years in different stages of septic shock were recruited. The Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation Collaborative Initiative (PRINTO) criteria of MAS were applied initially at the stage of septic shock and subsequently at the stage of MODS (MODS cohort) or following recovery from septic shock without going through MODS (non-MODS cohort).

Results: A total of 127 subjects were studied, with 53 comprising the MODS cohort and the rest 74 the non-MODS cohort. At the initial assessment, a comparable proportion of subjects in the MODS and non-MODS groups satisfied the MAS criteria (20.75% and 25.68%, respectively; p=0.529). However, by the time of progression to MODS, 81.13% of the subjects satisfied the MAS criteria in the MODS group, whereas only 16.18% subjects in the non-MODS group continued to satisfy the MAS criteria (p<0.001). Thus, there was a definite increase in the proportion of subjects showing MAS by the time they progressed to multiorgan dysfunction (p<0.001). In contrast, the proportion declined significantly (25.68% to 16.18%; p=0.008) in the subjects who had recovered.

Conclusion: The findings bear out the hypothesis that MODS in sepsis is a reflection of MAS secondary to sepsis. However, studies in larger cohorts are needed to validate these findings and explore the therapeutic implications.

Cite this article as: Nandy A, Mondal T, Sarkar M, Nag SS, Chel S, Ivan DM, et al. Multiorgan dysfunction syndrome in sepsis: Is macrophage activation syndrome secondary to infection?. Eur J Rheumatol 2021; 8(2): 89-92.

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ISSN 2147-9720 EISSN 2148-4279