European Journal of Rheumatology
Review Article

Immunoglobulin G4-Related Lesions in Autoimmune Diseases: Unusual Presentations at Atypical Sites—A Tale of 2 Cases with Literature Review


Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India

Eur J Rheumatol 2023; 10: 169-175
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2023.23052
Read: 724 Downloads: 373 Published: 18 October 2023

Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) coexisting with clinically apparent autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), is a rarely documented combination in the scientific literature. In this case-based review, we present 2 intriguing cases with preexisting autoimmune diseases, namely, RA and primary APS, who exhibited coexistent IgG4- related lesions at unusual sites. The first case pertains to a patient with known RA who presented with an encasing mass in the esophagus leading to stricture, with histopathological diagnosis of IgG4-RD.The second patient, diagnosed with primary APS, experienced breathlessness, and imaging revealed a right atrial mass. Histopathological examination of the mass confirmed IgG4-RD. Notably, both patients demonstrated significant clinical improvement upon initiation of steroid therapy. Rheumatoid arthritis patients commonly exhibit elevated levels of IgG4 in their sera; however, RA with coexisting IgG4-RD is rarely reported in the literature. Similarly, APS with IgG4-related lesions is exceedingly rare. Although there are few case reports and series on esophageal and cardiac IgG4-RD, the occurrence of such unusual location of IgG4-related lesions in the context of known autoimmunity is presented here for the first time.

Cite this article as: Baisya R, Yerram KV, Baby A, Devarasetti PK, Rajasekhar L. IgG4-related lesions in autoimmune diseases: Unusual presentations at atypical sites—A tale of 2 cases with literature review. Eur J Rheumatol. 2023;10(4):169-175.

EISSN 2148-4279