European Journal of Rheumatology
Invited Review

Chondrocalcinosis and Osteoarthritis: A Literature Review

1.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA, USA

2.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA, USA

Eur J Rheumatol 2024; 11: Supplement S15-S20
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2023.21093
Read: 1293 Downloads: 1162 Published: 23 January 2023

Objective: The objective of this study was to review the literature on associations between chondrocalcinosis (CC) and osteoarthritis (OA) and to examine the role of colchicine, previously established as effective for calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease, in the treatment of OA.

Methods: A literature search for mechanistic and clinical studies published between 1990 and 2021 listed in PubMed was performed and studies were included if they examined the associations between OA and CC or colchicine using relevant search terms.

Results: Published evidence suggests significant radiographic and mechanistic associations between knee OA and knee CC, but there are only a limited number of studies demonstrating associations between OA and CC in the hips, hands, and ankles. We examined three studies testing the efficacy of colchicine on treatment of pain in OA and found insufficient evidence to definitively establish that colchicine is effective to ameliorate symptoms of OA, although differences in study methodologies and inclusion criteria may explain inconsistent study findings.

Conclusion: An association between CC and OA is supported at the knee joint in both radiographic and in-vitro studies, but is less definite when the relationship is evaluated at other joints, including at the hips, hands, and ankles. Further research is required to ascertain whether CC modifies symptoms in patients with osteoarthritis or is associated with OA progression. It may be worthwhile to further evaluate colchicine or other agents for potential symptom modifying roles in OA or in OA with CC.

Cite this article as: Guo SY, Lee CA, Wise BL. Chondrocalcinosis and Osteoarthritis: A Literature Review. Eur J Rheumatol. 2024;11(suppl 1):S15-S20

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