European Journal of Rheumatology
Original Article

Characterization of rapidly progressive osteoarthritis of the hip in its early stage

1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe City Medical Centre General Hospital, Kobe, Japan

Eur J Rheumatol 2020; 7: 130-134
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2020.19159
Read: 710 Downloads: 347 Published: 30 April 2020

Objective: This study aimed to characterize the process of disease progression in the early stage of rapidly progressive osteoarthritis of the hip (RPOH) and clarify its association with potential pathological factors of RPOH.

Methods: This monocentric retrospective study included 41 female patients who met the criteria for RPOH, chondrolysis >2 mm during 12 months from the onset of hip pain based on a series of radiographs and computed tomography. This study also included 9 female patients with osteoarthritis secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) who demonstrated chondrolysis >2 mm during 12 months from the onset of hip pain. Cortical thickness index (CTI) correlated with bone mineral density of the hip, pelvic tilt, and serum concentrations of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 were analyzed.

Results: RPOH was classified into two types based on the absence (type 1, n=17) and presence (type 2, n=24) of subsequent femoral head destruction within 12 months after the onset of hip pain. MMP-3 significantly increased in RPOH type 2 compared with type 1 and DDH. Increased posterior pelvic tilt was found in RPOH type 2 compared with DDH. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses indicated that MMP-3 may be associated with differentiation between RPOH types 1 and 2. No difference was found in the CTI between the RPOH types and DDH.

Conclusion: Disease progression of RPOH during 12 months after the onset of hip pain could be classified into two distinct types based on the absence (type 1) and presence (type 2) of femoral head destruction in association with MMP-3 and pelvic tilt as biological and mechanical factors, respectively. MMP-3 may be helpful to differentiate these two types in the early stage of RPOH.

Cite this article as: Yasuda T, Matsunaga K, Hashimura T, Tsukamoto Y, Sueyoshi T, Ota S, et al. Characterization of rapidly progressive osteoarthritis of the hip in its early stage. Eur J Rheumatol 2020; 7(3): 130-4.

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ISSN 2147-9720 EISSN 2148-4279