European Journal of Rheumatology
Original Article

Biological therapy safety in chronic inflammatory arthropathy patients

1.

Department of Pharmacy, University Hospital Complex of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain

2.

Galicia Sur Biomedical Foundation, University Hospital Complex of Vigo Estrada Clara Campoamor, Pontevedra, Spain

3.

Department of Pharmacy, Penitentiary Centre A Lama, Pontevedra, Spain

4.

Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital Complex of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain

Eur J Rheumatol 2020; 7: 53-59
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2019.19123
Read: 404 Downloads: 273 Published: 07 January 2020

Objective: The marketing of biological therapies transformed the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis. But there is still concern about patient safety and management in daily clinical practice. The aim of this study was to estimate risk factors of the adverse effects in a cohort of Spanish patients with rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis.

Methods: A single institution, descriptive, retrospective, cohort study was developed from January 2009 to December 2016. Patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis on biological therapies were included. Undesirable events affecting patients during biological therapy, their clinical implications and the use of health resources related to adverse effects were collected.

Results: Three hundred and sixty-two patients corresponding to 478 biological therapy lines were analysed. It implied 1192 years of monitoring. There were 57 adverse effects per 100 biological patient- years and 4.8 serious adverse effects per 100 biological patient- years. The only significant factor for a likely serious adverse effect was having a Charlson Index ≥10, OR of 6.2 (CI 95%: 3.4-11.1, p<0.001). Around 15 % of patients with adverse effects were admitted to hospital and 25% received attention at the Emergency Department.

Conclusion: Over half of the patients with arthropathies on biological therapy can suffer adverse effect during treatment but only 8.5% of these effects are serious. Special vigilance must be paid to patients with a higher number of comorbidities because they are more likely to experience serious adverse effects.

Cite this article as: Martínez-López-de-Castro N, Álvarez-Payero M, Samartín-Ucha M, Martín-Vila A, Piñeiro-Corrales G, Rodríguez-Rodríguez M, et al. Biological therapy safety in chronic inflammatory arthropathy patients. Eur J Rheumatol 2020; 7(2): 53-9.

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ISSN2147-9720 EISSN 2148-4279