European Journal of Rheumatology
Invited Review

A Literature Review on Plant-Based Foods and Dietary Quality in Knee Osteoarthritis


Charles Perkins Centre, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Australia


College of Medicine & Public Health Flinders University, Australia

Eur J Rheumatol 2024; 11: Supplement S32-S40
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2022.21134
Read: 465 Downloads: 334 Published: 26 April 2022

This literature review summarizes the role of plant-based foods and diet quality in osteoarthritis, particularly knee osteoarthritis, in observational studies and clinical trials published during 2015- 2020. The included studies have suggested favorable results on reducing the prevalence, pain, and cartilage changes related to osteoarthritis and inflammatory and oxidation markers such as inter- leukin-1, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor, and lipid peroxidation. Due to the lack of large lon- gitudinal cohorts to study whole foods or diets concerning knee osteoarthritis, findings from the cross-sectional studies or clinical trials require further validation, particularly in well-designed clinical trials and a more extended follow-up period. Potential mechanisms on the role of plant-based foods in body weight, inflammation, and microbiome were explored to explain their protective associations with osteoarthritis. However, most evidence examining the relationship between the microbiome and osteoarthritis joint pain is conducted in preclinical animal studies, and few observational studies show a positive association between Streptococcus species and local joint inflammation in the knee. Given the close links of plant-based foods on obesity, inflammation, and microbiome, data on the role of whole foods or diets in the change in knee osteoarthritis pain through the lens of microbial composition can provide more certainty regarding the utilization of microbiome as a potential thera- peutic target.

Cite this article as: Dai Z. A literature review on plant-based foods and dietary quality in knee osteoarthritis. Eur J Rheumatol. 2024;11(suppl 1): S32-S40.

EISSN 2148-4279