ISSN 2147-9720 | E-ISSN 2148-4279
Original Article
Evaluation of factors affecting the duration of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs application in patients with enthesitis-related arthritis
1 Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, Erciyes University School of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey  
2 Department of Biostatistics, Erciyes University School of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey  
Eur J Rheumatol ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2019.18180
Key Words: Enthesitis-related arthritis, biological treatments, time
Abstract

Objective: Treatments for enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) consist of a mono- or combination therapy with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and biological agents, and they are primarily based on adult studies and studies on other forms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, depending on whether there is axial or peripheral involvement. We use DMARDs frequently in our daily practice, even in patients with axial involvement. The main reason for this is that the health insurance system in Turkey does not allow the use of Tumor Negrosis Factor (TNF) blockers as the first line of treatment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the factors affecting the duration of DMARDs application in patients with ERA.

 

Methods: Fifty-two patients with ERA were accepted in this retrospective cohort study. These patients did not have an inflammatory bowel disease, reactive arthritis or undifferentiated arthritis, psoriasis, and familial Mediterranean fever. Demographic characteristics, medical history, the initial and follow-up physical examination, initial Juvenile Spondyloarthritis Disease Activity Index (JSpADA), initial laboratory tests, radiographic tests, Juvenile Arthritis Damage Index-articulary (JADI-A) and extra-articulary (JADI-E) on the last admission, and data on medical treatments were recorded from the registered data. The univariate Cox proportional hazards regression analyses was used to determine factors affecting the non-response time of ERA patients to DMARDs before the biological treatment was started.

 

Results: Twenty-seven patients (52%) achieved remission with DMARDs, while 25 (48%) patients did not. The age at diagnosis (HR=1.12; p=0.247); gender (HR=2.53; p=0.210); family history of ankylosing spondylitis (HR=1.17; p=0.730); inflammatory back pain (HR=0.57; p=0.175); the shoulder (HR=0.75 p=0.706), hip (HR=0.45; p=0.129), and small-joint involvement (HR=1.53; p=0.439); sacroiliitis with physical examination (HR=0.90; p=0.814) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (HR=2.84; p=0.110); enthesitis (HR=0.83; p=0.670); presence of uveitis (HR=2.04; p=0.342); presence of HLA-B27 (HR=1.39; p=0.524); initial high acute phase reactants levels(HR=1.89; p=0.183); initial JSpADA score (HR=0.98; p=0.944); and last JADI-A (HR=1.41; p=0.060) score did not affect the duration of DMARDs treatment before switching to biological treatments.

 

Conclusion: In our study, the absence of factors affecting the duration of DMARDs application in patients with ERA showed that DMARDs may still be applied as the first line of treatment.

 

Cite this article as: Paç Kısaarslan A, Sözeri B, Gündüz Z, Zararsız G, Poyrazoğlu H, Düşünsel R. Evaluation of factors affecting the duration of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs application in patients with enthesitis-related arthritis. Eur J Rheumatol 2019; 10.5152/eurjrheum.2019.18180.

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