ISSN 2147-9720 | E-ISSN 2148-4279
Original Article
Case series: Monoarticular rheumatoid arthritis
1 Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA  
Eur J Rheumatol 2017; 4: 264-267
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2017.17011
Key Words: Monoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory arthritis
Abstract

Objective: Monoarticular presentation of rheumatoid arthritis is infrequent and has been previously reported to involve large joints such as the hip and knee joints. Here we report a case series of four patients presenting to the University of Michigan in 2015 with monoarticular rheumatoid arthritis, one with small and three with large joint involvement.

 

Material and Methods: In total, four patients with monoarticular rheumatoid arthritis were treated in the Division of Rheumatology, University of Michigan. All the patients were retrospectively reviewed with permission from our Institutional Review Board; informed consent was provided by the patients for enrollment in a clinical trial for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. All the patients were assessed using the 2010 ACR/EULAR classification criteria for rheumatoid arthritis.

 

Results: All the patients presented with monoarthritis; three patients had large joint involvement and one had small joint involvement. Serologies were positive, with each patient having positive Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies, two patients having a positive rheumatoid factor, three patients having elevated CRP levels, and one patient having positive ESR. All patients met the criteria of the duration of symptoms being at least 6 weeks. The findings of imaging, although not a part of the criteria, were consistent with active rheumatoid arthritis in all the patients.

 

 

Conclusion: While the 2010 ACR/EULAR classification criteria are the most sensitive criteria for diagnosing RA to date, the exclusion of these cases of monoarthritis demonstrates that further specificity can still be achieved for diagnosing these types of patients as early as possible using the current guidelines. Further, we suggest the inclusion of an imaging measure added to the inclusion criteria to further increase the yield in establishing diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis in the current reported patient population.

 

 

Cite this article as: Sarazin J, Schiopu E, Namas R. Case series: monoarticular rheumatoid arthritis. Eur J Rheumatol 2017; 4: 264-7.

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