ISSN 2147-9720 | E-ISSN 2148-4279
Case Report
Viscosupplementation of the knee: Three cases of acute Pseudoseptic Arthritis with painful and irritating complications and a literature review
1 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Afyonkarahisar Suhut Public Hospital Medicine, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey  
2 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
3 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Trabzon of Public Hospital Medicine, Trabzon, Turkey  
4 Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Zübeyde Hanım Obstetrics and Gynecology Public Hospital, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey  
Eur J Rheumatol 2017; 4: 59-62
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2016.15075
Key Words: Intra-articular injections, hyaluronic acid, experimental arthritis, infectious arthritis, osteoarthritis

Acute pseudoseptic arthritis is a very rare complication that is associated with intra-articular hyaluronic acid injections, which normally involve minimal risk. The most common adverse events that are caused by hyaluronic acid injections are inflammatory reactions or flares at the injection site. In this study, we described three cases of acute pseudoseptic arthritis that was caused by hyaluronic acid; the symptoms in these cases were reminiscent of acute septic arthritis. Moreover, we performed a literature review on pseudoseptic arthritis following hyaluronic acid injections to determine the manner in which this condition can be described, diagnosed, and treated.  

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