Basic radiological assessment of synovial diseases: a pictorial essay
Department of Radiology, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital Ankara, Turkey
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Gazi University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Eur J Rheumatol ; : -
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Key Words: Synovium, synovial hypertrophy, synovitis, magnetic resonance imaging
The synovium is a specialized tissue lining the synovial joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths of the body. It is affected by various localized or systemic disorders. Synovial diseases can be classified as inflammatory, infectious, degenerative, traumatic, hemorrhagic, and neoplastic. Damage in other intraarticular structures, particularly cartilages, generally occurs as a part of pathologic processes involving the synovium, leading to irreversible joint destruction. Imaging has an essential role in the early detection of synovial diseases prior to irreversible joint damage. Obtaining and understanding characteristic imaging findings of synovial diseases enables a proper diagnosis for early treatment. This article focuses on the recent literature that is related with the role of imaging in synovial disease.