ISSN 2147-9720 | E-ISSN 2148-4279
Original Article
Articular and abarticular manifestations in type 2 diabetes mellitus
1 Department of Rheumatology, Hassan II University Hospital, Fez, Morocco  
2 Department of Rheumatology, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium  
3 Department of Rheumatology, Hassan II University Hospital, Fez, Morocco  
4 Department of Endocrinology, Hassan II University Hospital, Fez, Morocco  
Eur J Rheumatol 2014; 1: 132-134
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheumatol.2014.140050
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Key Words: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, articular manifestations, abarticular manifestations
Abstract

Objective: Diabetes mellitus (DM), a worldwide high-prevalence disease, is associated with a large variety of rheumatic manifestations. It affects the connective tissues in many ways and causes alterations in the periarticular and the musculoskeletal systems. In most cases, these manifestations are associated with functional disability and pain, affecting the quality of life of the diabetic patient. The aim of our study is to review the different articular and abarticular manifestations in diabetic patients and the associated factors of these rheumatic manifestations.

 

Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study that includes all patients suffering from type 2 DM who present with articular or abarticular manifestations.

 

Results: We included 116 diabetic patients presenting with articular or abarticular manifestations. Our study showed four important findings. First, a large variety of articular and abarticular manifestations were present in patients with type 2 DM. Second, osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee was the most frequent articular manifestations. It was seen in 49% of our patients. Third, the most common manifestations in diabetic Moroccan patients were carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder, and diabetic cheiroarthropathy (29%, 23%, and 16%, respectively). Fourth, there was a significant association between vascular complications and the development of articular and abarticular manifestations.

 

Conclusion: This study shows that the articular and abarticular manifestations in diabetic Moroccan patients are dominated by CTS, adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder, and diabetic cheiroarthropathy, with a significant association between vascular complications and the development of some of these manifestations.

 

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