ISSN 2147-9720 | E-ISSN 2148-4279
Original Article
The Frequency of anti-CCP antibodies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis and their relationship with clinical features and parameters of angiogenesis: A comparative study
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Edirne State Hospital, Edirne, Turkey  
2 Department of Rheumatology, Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, Edirne, Turkey  
3 Department of Hematology, Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, Edirne, Turkey  
4 Department of Rheumatology, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Education and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
Eur J Rheumatol 2014; 1: 67-71
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheumatol.2014.022
Key Words: Rheumatoid arthritis, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies, angiogenesis.
Abstract

Objective: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), as crucial parameters of angiogenesis and inflammation, were evaluated to identify the role of cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (anti-CCP) during angiogenesis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). 

 

Material and Methods: A total of 145 patients with RA, 44 patients with PsA, and 73 healthy subjects were included in this study. The clinical features, total blood counts, and acute phase parameters of RA and PsA patients were recorded. Anti-CCP antibody, VEGF, and MIF levels were determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

 

Results: Anti-CCP positivity was significantly higher in the RA group (69%) than in both PsA (20.6%) and controls (8.2%) (p values<0.001). There was no difference between anti-CCP-positive and -negative RA patients regarding the extra-articular manifestations (p>0.05). VEGF and MIF levels were similar in anti-CCP-positive and -negative RA patients (all p values>0.05). The specificity of anti-CCP antibodies for RA was found to be 87.2%. No relationship was found between anti-CCP antibody positivity and clinical features, disease activity, functional disability as assessed by health assessment questionnaire scores, and extra-articular manifestations. There was no relationship between parameters of angiogenesis and anti-CCP antibody positivity. Both RF and anti-CCP antibodies were observed to be positive in most patients with RA.

 

Conclusion: Either RF or anti-CCP antibody was positive in a considerable proportion of our RA patients. Therefore, anti-CCP antibodies are important in the diagnosis of RF-negative patients who present with clinical findings of RA.

 

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