ISSN 2147-9720 | E-ISSN 2148-4279
Invited Review
Basic radiological assessment of synovial diseases: a pictorial essay
1 Department of Radiology, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital Ankara, Turkey  
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Gazi University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
Eur J Rheumatol 2017; 4: 166-174
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2015.0032
Key Words: Synovium, synovial hypertrophy, synovitis, magnetic resonance imaging

The synovium is a specialized tissue lining the synovial joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths of the body. It is affected by various localized or systemic disorders. Synovial diseases can be classified as inflammatory, infectious, degenerative, traumatic, hemorrhagic, and neoplastic. Damage in other intraarticular structures, particularly cartilages, generally occurs as a part of pathologic processes involving the synovium, leading to irreversible joint destruction. Imaging has an essential role in the early detection of synovial diseases prior to irreversible joint damage. Obtaining and understanding characteristic imaging findings of synovial diseases enables a proper diagnosis for early treatment. This article focuses on the recent literature that is related with the role of imaging in synovial disease. 

Key Words
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