ISSN 2147-9720 | E-ISSN 2148-4279
Original Article
Serum calreticulin as a novel biomarker of juvenile idiopathic arthritis disease activity
1 Department of Rheumatology, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Benha University School of Medicine, Benha, Egypt  
2 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Benha University School of Medicine, Benha, Egypt  
3 Deaprtment of Diagnostic Radiology, Benha University School of Medicine, Benha, Egypt  
Eur J Rheumatol 2017; 4: 19-23
DOI: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2017.160071
Key Words: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, calreticulin, activity score, synovitis

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relations between calreticulin (CRT) serum level and both disease activity and severity parameters in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).


Material and Methods: In this study, 60 children with JIA and 50 age-and-sex-matched healthy subjects were enrolled. The assessment of the disease activity was done using juvenile arthritis disease activity score 27 (JADAS-27). The assessment of disease severity was done via gray-scale ultrasonography (US) and power Doppler US (PDUS). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to assay the serum level of human CRT.


Results: The mean serum CRT levels in JIA patients was 8.6±1.2 ng/mL and showed a highly significant increase (p=0.001) as compared to the mean serum levels in the controls (5.02±0.77 ng/mL). There were statistically significant positive correlations between the serum CRT levels and disease duration, tender joint count, swollen joint count, visual analog scale, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, JADAS-27, C-reactive protein, rheumatoid factor titer, and ultrasonographic grading for synovitis and neovascularization.


Conclusion: Elevated serum CRT levels in JIA patients and its correlations with JIA disease activity and severity parameters signified that CRT might be used as a novel biomarker for disease activity and severity in JIA.

Key Words
Author’s Corner
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