Giant cell arteritis, polymyalgia rheumatica, and late-onset rheumatoid arthritis: Can they be components of a single disease process in elderly patients?
Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey
Department of Internal Medicine, Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey.
Eur J Rheumatol ; : -
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Key Words: Rheumatoid arthritis, giant cell arteritis, temporal arteritis, polymyalgia rheumatica
Objective: To report two patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA) who developed rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to review the literature in terms of coexistence of RA, GCA, and polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR).
Methods: We conducted a comprehensive review of the English literature from 1980 to 2015 to analyze data on the coexistence of GCA and RA. The PubMed, Web of Science, Proquest, and Ovid databases were searched for articles using the term RA combined with temporal arteritis, GCA, and PMR.
Results: We identified 17 other cases of coexistent GCA and RA reported in the English literature, together with our 2 cases (19 cases). They included 14 females and 5 males, with a mean age of 74.3 years (range: 57–84) at the time of GCA. The mean age at the time of RA diagnosis was 69.6 years (range 24–83). The average time elapsed between the onset of GCA and the development of RA was 6.7 years (range: 3 month–34 years). RA and GCA were reported as the first disease in 10 cases and 4 cases, respectively. The development of these 2 diseases in a narrow period of time appeared in 4 cases (3 months–19 months). PMR was the first disease in 1 case.
Conclusion: RA, GCA, and PMR may appear simultaneously or consecutively; therefore, we suggest that physicians should be alert about such a fact so that a proper diagnosis and treatment could be tailored accordingly